Studies carried out by FAA suggests that aviation supports a staggering 10,600,000 jobs in the U.S.A. On the other hand, while the profitability in the aviation sector remains stable, that does not mean that other challenges been eradicated. A lot has been done to quell the situations, but a lot more needs to be done. And this is why airplane maintenance is vital.
First of all, since this field is a huge employer, everything needs to be done to ensure that airplanes are in perfect condition at all times. Also known as aircraft maintenance, this is the most critical task that is required to ensure that the continuing airworthiness of an airplane. The process encompasses a lot of things such as inspection, modification, defect rectification, and overhaul. The aircraft should comply with airworthiness directives and repair.
Why Airplane Maintenance Is Vital
This is the most obvious reason for having aircraft go through regular maintenance. Research shows that in every decade, approximately 20 accidents that happen are as a result of mechanical failure. Some of them could be prevented if there was maximum aircraft maintenance carried out on the aircraft.
This helps the airplane’s engine to be at its perfect working condition. It’s like giving your engine a tune-up just like cars need regular engine tune-up. This yields improvement in both power and performance.
When you carry out maintenance on an airplane you will be sure to reduce chances of engine failure. The aircraft will suffer fewer if any, downtimes. There will be fewer repairs than when they are not maintained often. The downtime will be significantly reduced; thus the airplane will be airborne, doing business.
Common Issues That Need Fixing In an Airplane
There is a need to have working aviation track equipment. This is a GPS tracking system that an airplane is fitted with. The aviation track equipment communicates with GPS satellites and gathers detailed real-time information on the flight and passes it to a server that is on the ground. The server then stores this information and can then be transmitted through telecommunication networks to organizations that interpret it. These days, there are many kinds of aviation track equipment which uses the bread crumb approach to SAR. Instead of relying on an emergency locator transmitter to transmit data on impact these aviation track equipment send position reports at regular time intervals. Therefore they should be checked regularly to ensure that they are in their perfect state of working.
Dynamic Propeller Balance
Propeller dynamic balance is among the most important factors to consider before flying an aircraft. Propeller unbalance is produced vibration in the airplane and can either be static or dynamic. Propeller static imbalance happens when the center of gravity of the propeller fails to coincide with the rotation axis; Dynamic unbalance on the other hand occurs when the center of gravity of the same propeller elements like the blades or the counterweights doesn’t follow in the same plane of rotation. Aircraft should be checked for proper assembly balance. The standard method for testing this includes a sequence of operations such as
- Inserting a bushing in the engine shaft hole of the propeller
- Inserting an arbor or a mandrel through the bushing
- Placing the propeller assembly in such a way that the ends of the arbor are supported on the balance knife edges. The propeller should be free to rotate.
Vibration signals are processed using a unique electronic device called a vibration meter or an analyzer. To help you understand, a vibration meter works just like a voltmeter. The sensor generates voltage signals while it shakes on the machine. This voltage signal is then transferred through the cable to the vibration device. However, the vibration device does not show you the voltage, therefore, making the device smarter than the voltmeter. It, however, displays the vibration values like acceleration and velocity.
Besides fitting airplane with high-end engines which are of high quality, regular maintenance should be vital. This goes a long way in saving you costs while increasing work hours.